A couple of years ago (before I met Justin!), I visited the ancient Mayan ruins of Tulum in Mexico. Ever since, I’ve been dreaming of returning and visiting many other Mayan ruins throughout Mexico and Central America. Did you know that there are over 4400 Mayan sites, and many are not fully excavated or even discovered yet? This is an incredibly brief overview as there are so many worthy Mexican Mayan ruins to visit. Here are my Top 5 Must-See Mayan Ruins in Mexico (in no particular order):
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Tulum is an extremely popular and well-preserved Mayan site. It is unique because it is located right on the coast and there is a white sandy beach right beside it! Tulum is located in the Yucatán Peninsula along the Caribbean Sea in the state of Quintana Roo. There are many structures to explore, including the central large pyramid, El Castillo, the Temple of the Frescoes, and the Temple of the Descending God. Tulum is also a great destination for tourists since it is close to Cancun and Cozumel. As this site is quite popular and can get rather busy, I would try to head there as early in the morning as possible. Even with lots of people, I didn’t find Tulum to be very crowded as the site is quite spread out. Also, remember to bring your bathing suit if you’d like to go for a swim at the beach!
Chichen Itza is one of the most visited archaeological sites in Mexico with over 1.2 million tourists stopping by each year. It is located in the Tinum municipality, in the state of Yucatán. Chichen Itza is also quite close to Cancun and Cozumel, so it is a great ancient site to visit on a day-trip from those regions. Chichen Itza was one of the largest Maya cities, and there are numerous architectural styles to discover. It is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site, and in 2007, Chichen Itza’s El Castillo was named as one of the New 7 Wonders of the World after a worldwide vote.
Palenque is a medium-sized ancient Mayan site, much smaller than Tulum or Chichen Itza. However, Palenque contains some of the best architecture, sculptures, and carvings that the Mayas created. Although much of Palenque is undiscovered as it was absorbed by the jungle after its collapse, there are plenty of buildings to explore. These include the Temple of the Cross and the Temple of the Inscriptions, where Pacal the Great’s tomb was excavated (the most famous ruler of Palenque). Palenque is located in the Mexican state of Chiapas and is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Uxmal is located in the Yucatan state of Mexico and it is considered to be one of the most archaeological significant sites of Mayan culture. The buildings are known for their immense size and elaborate decorations. Uxmal is thought to be in better condition than most other Mayan sites, and we can more easily perceive how the site may have looked in ancient times. Uxmal is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Coba is located about 44km northwest of Tulum in the Mexican state of Quintana Roo. It is quite accessible for visitors from Cancun and the Riviera Maya. Coba is one of the few ancient Maya sites where you can still climb to the top of the pyramid! There are several temples to explore here, and Coba’s Ixmoja Pyramid is the tallest on the Yucatán peninsula.
These are my Top 5 Must-See Mayan Ruins in Mexico for you to discover! I would highly recommend taking a group tour when you visit these sites. You will learn so much about the ancient Mayan civilization from well-educated guides, as well as details about each unique structure that you might otherwise miss!
Have you visited any of these Mayan Ruins before? Do you have any in Mexico that you would recommend?